Hi all. Do you want to start with web development and/or developing Rest Full database? Maybe the AWS (Amazon Web Service) is good way to start. There are a lot of Amazon Services, but for this blog we are focusing on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud or Amazon EC2 and how to connect to AWS EC2.
You can host your website or have cloud PC with static IP address on AWS. But what you need to do to connect to your cloud PC from your local Windows 10 or Linux PC. So let’s begin, how to connect to Amazon EC2 Instance from Windows 10 and Linux.
There is couple of things to configure:
- AWS EC2 from Amazon Dashboard
- Windows 10 side
- Linux side
Configure AWS EC2 from Amazon Dashboard
When initially creating EC2 Instance you were asked to create and download .pem file. This file is required for the rest of this tutorial. Now, I’m expecting that you have EC2 instance up and running, so that you just need to configure network part. Let’s open Amazon EC2 Dashboard.
- Create Elastic IP
- Assign Elastic IP to EC2 Instance
- Configure Network Security group
Create Elastic IP
Select Elastic IPs and then select Allocate Elastic IP Address.
Assign Elastic IP to EC2 Instance
Now you have allocated IPv4 address, but this address isn’t linked to your EC2 Instance. That you can do with next steps.
Then on the next windows from Instance filed select Instance that you want to link to your Elastic IP.
Configure Network Security group
Now you have Elastic IP linked to your Instance. Now you just need to check Security Groups are right port enabled? For ssh connection, which we want to achieve in this blog post we need port 22.
From AWS EC2 Dashboard check with security group is assigned to your running instance. You can click on that link or open tab Security Groups. From list select your Security Group and then check Inbound Rules.
And now you are finished with AWS EC2 configuration and we can configure Windows and Linux side.
Configure Windows 10 Side
On Windows side we need programs that are Putty and PuttyGen. You can install then from next link:
First we need the generated .ppk file form .pem file and for that we need the PuttyGen program.
Open PuttyGen and then click Load and then select your .pem. Then you can just click on Save private key to create .ppk file which you can use later with Putty. Now, we can open Putty.
In Putty, we need to configure some options. First we need to check SSH in Connection type and then fill field Host Name with ubuntu@<your_elastic_ip> (example firstname.lastname@example.org). Ubuntu is default name for AWS EC2 with Ubuntu linux distro.
Select Connection->SSH->Auth and then in Private key file for authentication field browse for the created .ppk file that we create before. Now, just return to Session tab to save this configuration by entering the name in Saved Session and click save. And you are up and running.
Configure Linux side
Configuration of Linux side is much simpler that on Windows. You just need .pem file. Simply open the terminal and you need to use ssh command.
ssh -i /path/key-pair.pem instance-user-name@elastic-ip
And that is it. So much simpler.
You are now set. You have working connection to AWS EC2 instance and you can start with your development work. This was simple and necessary setup when working with Amazon Web Services. And that is all on how to connect to AWS EC2 Instance from Windows 10 and Linux.
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